Archives

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 08.29.2019 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

I’ve posted the first in a series of updates with superb specimens from John S. White’s collection (click here).

Most of you will likely know a bit about John, given that among his many accomplishments in the mineral world he is the founder of the Mineralogical Record, former curator of the U.S. National Mineral and Gem Collection at the Smithsonian Institution and author of two books and over 200 articles. I’ve written a short post about him with some great photos – hope you enjoy it! (click here)

These wonderful high-quality specimens from John’s collection are from a wide range of localities (classic to contemporary) and include a variety of minerals.

 Anatase, Kharan, Balochistan, PakistanAnatase, Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan – 2.9 cm

 Andalusite, ItalyAndalusite, Chiavenna, Sondrio Province, Lombardy, Italy – 4 cm crystal

Aragonite, Giumentaro Mine, Capodarso, Enna, Sicily, Italy

 Aragonite, Giumentaro Mine, Capodarso, Enna, Sicily, Italy – 9.6 cm

Aragonite, Giumentaro Mine, Capodarso, Enna, Sicily, Italy (ultraviolet)

Same specimen as above, illuminated by shortwave ultraviolet light

Aragonite, Giumentaro Mine, Capodarso, Enna, Sicily, Italy (phosphorescence)

Same specimen as above, exhibiting phosphorescence after UV illumination

 Atacamite, Lily Mine, Pisco Umay, Ica Dept., PeruAtacamite, Lily Mine, Pisco Umay, Ica Dept., Peru – 6 cm

Azurite, malachite, Kerrouchen, Khenifra Province, Morocco

Azurite, malachite, Kerrouchen, Khenifra Province, Morocco – 2 cm parallel-growth crystals

Babingtonite, Prehnite, Qiaojia Co., Yunnan, China

Babingtonite, Prehnite, Qiaojia Co., Yunnan, China
Field of view 6 cm

Beryl, var. alkalai beryl, Deo Darrah, Khash & Kura Wa Munjan Districts, Badakshan, Afghanistan Beryl, var. alkali beryl, Deo Darrah, Khash & Kura Wa Munjan Districts, Badakshan, Afghanistan – 3.2 cm

Beryl, var aquamarine, Huya Deposit (Pingwu Beryl Mine), Mt. Xuebaoding, Pingwu County, Sichuan Province, China

Beryl, var aquamarine, Huya Deposit (Pingwu Beryl Mine), Mt. Xuebaoding,
Pingwu County, Sichuan Province, China – 4.7 cm

Beryl, var goshenite, Huya Deposit (Pingwu Beryl Mine), Mt. Xuebaoding, Pingwu County, Sichuan Province, China

Beryl, var. goshenite, Huya Deposit (Pingwu Beryl Mine), Mt. Xuebaoding,
Pingwu County, Sichuan Province, China – 6.1 cm

This next calcite is so great from both sides, in both normal and UV light, I can’t choose only one photo. Here’s one of each side, in each light:

Calcite, Fozichong Deposit, Cenxi Co, Guangxi, China

Calcite, Fozichong Deposit, Cenxi Co, Guangxi, China – 9.7 cm

Calcite, Fozichong Deposit, Cenxi Co, Guangxi, China

Same crystal as above, under ultraviolet light

Calcite, Fozichong Deposit, Cenxi Co, Guangxi, China

Same crystal as above, other side

Calcite, Fozichong Deposit, Cenxi Co, Guangxi, China

Same as above, ultraviolet light

Wenshan Mine, Wenshan, Yunnan, China

Calcite, Wenshan Mine, Wenshan, Yunnan, China – 8.8 cm

Calcite, Fluorite Location:		Xianghualing Mine, Linwu Co., Chenzhou, Hunan, China

Calcite on fluorite, Xianghualing Mine, Linwu Co., Chenzhou, Hunan, China – 8.2 cm

Carrollite, Kamoya South II Mine, Kamoya, Kambove District, Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Carrollite, Kamoya South II Mine, Kamoya, Kambove District, Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo – 2.4 cm

Carrollite, Kamoya South II Mine, Kamoya, Kambove District, Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Carrollite, Kamoya South II Mine, Kamoya, Kambove District, Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo – 2.2 cm

Cavansite on stilbite, Wagholi, Pune District, Maharashtra, India

Cavansite on stilbite, Wagholi, Pune District, Maharashtra, India – 5.2 cm

Chabazite, Roadcut at Bavdhan, Pune District, Maharashtra, India

Chabazite, Stilbite, Roadcut at Bavdhan, Pune District, Maharashtra, India – 10 cm

Cuprite, 	Rubstsovkoe, Rudnyi Altai, Altaiskii Krai, Russia

Cuprite, Rubstsovkoe, Rudnyi Altai, Altaiskii Krai, Russia – 4.4 cm

Datolite, Bor Pit, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia

Datolite on quartz, Bor Pit, Dal’negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia – 5.3 cm

Dioptase, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia

Dioptase on calcite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 4.5 cm

Fluorite, Xianghualing Mine, Linwu Co., Chenzhou, Hunan, China

Fluorite, Xianghualing Mine, Linwu Co., Chenzhou, Hunan, China – 7.6 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 06.12.2019 | Filed under: Latest, Mineral Shows | Comments (0)

 

As spring unfolds in this part of the world in mid-late April each year, it’s time for the Rochester Mineralogical Symposium!

Of course, the extent to which it’s spring in this region depends on exactly where you are – Rochester was further ahead and this year there was still lots of snow up here in Bancroft. Even so, the first beautiful signs of the new season were emerging. (It has been a cold spring – our furnaces out here have been on still, into June (!)).

IrisFinal

Rochester 2019 marked our 46th year.

If you are new to the Symposium, it’s a unique event. It brings together professionals and amateurs, and a complete range of subjects in specimen mineralogy. It is collegial and friendly, meant for collectors and those who love to learn about minerals. The RMS prominently features What’s New in Minerals each year. It is also a mineral show with excellent dealers set up and open when the talks are not on. It may sound scientific and formal, but Rochester is perhaps the most welcoming and inclusive mineral gathering I know. It’s a time for hanging out and having a good time with mineral friends, new and old (of course new people come every year, and if you’ve never been, make 2020 your first!). It’s possible a drink or two is shared among us, and a few mineral songs are always sung.

Rochester is not meant to be a strictly scientific symposium – it is meant for anyone who wants to learn more about minerals. At Rochester, many of the best-known mineral people of our time, mineralogists, curators, collectors (including beginners) and students, all share and learn together.

We had a stellar cast of speakers this year! We began with three talks (Thursday night and Friday morning) about crystals, given by three friends who have been experts in crystallography for a long time.

John Jaszczak, Pete, John Rakovan at the Rochester Symposium, 2019

Three Crystal Rogues. From Left, John Jaszczak, Pete Richards and John Rakovan.

These three talks began with some fundamental questions and concepts, progressed into distortions and ended up teetering on the edge of the crystallography universe – I lightheartedly told our speakers they were taking us on a journey, From Cubes to Tubes.

Thursday Night

John Rakovan started us off with Crystal Growth: A Primer. He explored why it is that crystals form flat faces. It’s such a fundamental question, I’ve never thought to wonder about it (!). It’s easier to assume that we have an understanding of basic crystals if we understand the crystal classes. As a general rule, crystals have flat faces, at a macro level. However, at a microscopic level, crystal faces often display topography that can help us to understand how they grew. The short answer about flat faces is that the mechanism of growth prefers to add thin layers as a crystal grows, completing a flat layer and then beginning the next. The longer explanation as to why that is has to do with the way atoms bond to surfaces – an atom will bond much more easily if it can attach not only to the flat surface underneath, but also a step/bench on one side. If thought of as a cube, if the bottom and one side can be attached, the atom is much more likely to be bonded and stay in place, as is the next, and the next, until the layer has crept all across the crystal. Once a new layer starts, the process is repeated.

Slide5

Layered growth visible inside a Panasqueira fluorapatite crystal,
both on a macro scale and an incredibly micro scale.
John Rakovan specimen and photo.

Slide24 (1)

A beautiful illustration of layers on a pyrite crystal – this crystal surface is relatively flat
but with the right illumination, one can see the stepped growth pattern.

Friday Morning

R. Peter Richards opened Friday morning with a talk on Distorted Crystals. Many of you know Pete is often involved in unravelling some of the most interesting crystallographic mysteries in Mineral World. His presentation took us away from typical flat-faced, simple geometric crystal forms, into the realm of distortions of various kinds. Pete is an engaging speaker and this was a great talk!

Screen Shot 2019-04-20 at 1.13.23 PM

John Jaszczak then led us to the brink of the crystallographic abyss, with Criminal Minerals: Investigating Minerals that Break the Law. A subject that could easily descend into a very technical place and lose an audience, but there was no worry of that! Why? Well, other than the fact John is a great presenter in any event… he chose to explain the concepts using photographs of parked cars. Answering once and for all the age-old question (at least I’ve always wondered) can crystallographic issues be solved with parked cars…

Beginning with the illustration of a crystal on the right hand side of this slide…

 

Slide2

Explaining, for example, that complications can result in a crystal’s growth when something shows up where it should not, within a crystal’s lattice…

Slide3

Issuing a wanted-list for criminal minerals the offence of incommensurate modulation…

Slide1

… you might feel like “incommensurate modulation” is a good technical place to become lost… nope, turns out parked cars can illustrate almost anything, as this one example shows.

Slide5

OK, one _mineral_ example in photographs. This is cylindrite, a classic, with its cylindrical crystal morphology:

Slide6

 

Friday Afternoon – Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy

Friday afternoon at the RMS, we have Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy (we typically refer to it as the “Technical Session”). Our coordinator of this session and editor of the abstracts is Sarah Hanson – she runs the call for papers, and coordinates everything to put this program together. Our call for papers is usually out in December, but start thinking about it now – if you have a paper you’d like to contribute, we’d love to see your submission this year.

The session itself is moderated by Dr. Carl Francis. Friday afternoon is packed with great 15-minute talks on a range of topics, some completely specimen-oriented, some more mineralogical. I never write at length in these blog posts about the Technical Session talks, because the abstracts from the talks are published during the year in Rocks and Minerals magazine (don’t forget to watch for them!) and they are published in the RMS Program Notes (see the links section at the end of this blog post).

However, I do feel strongly about writing a just bit about it. The Technical Session is one of the features of the RMS that makes it unique, with professionals and amateurs all contributing. For collectors, there is a lot of interest in these talks – sometimes about rare or new minerals or finds, sometimes about localities, sometimes about scientific work done to establish fakes in Mineral World. We had a high percentage of truly excellent talks given by students. The group from the Department of Geology and Environmental Earth Science, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio did a particularly outstanding job. Too often, we look around Mineral World and see fewer young people than we’d all like – these students represent a bright future for mineralogy and the science that underpins everything we enjoy in Mineral World.

Friday Night

On Friday night, Terry Huizing gave “The Variety and Appeal of Calcite”. Terry has a superb calcite collection, and this talk was full of photographs of wonderful calcite specimens. He spoke about calcite colours and crystals – with Terry’s presentation, anyone could be tempted to specialize in collecting calcite.

Terry made one point that really struck me – it’s something I had never known about calcite, and I thought it was an awesome bit of mineral learning. Many people know that calcite is known for its huge variety of crystal forms, as over 800 have been described. It’s mind-boggling. I love poring over incredible intricate calcite crystal drawings in Goldschmidt and other publications. Terry pointed out that all of these complex crystals we see are combinations of two or more of only five forms, along with any twinning that may be present: the pinacoid, prism, rhombohedron, scalenohedron and dipyramid. (!) I loved learning that! Terry illustrated these, including some Jeff Scovil photos in the following slides:

Calcite - Pinacoid and Prism

 

Calcite - Rhombohedron

 

Calcite - Scalenohedron

 

Calcite - Dipyramid

Terry’s was mostly a talk comprised of great photos of beautiful specimens, including this wonderful piece.

Rhombohedra and dipyramid

Saturday Morning: What’s New in Minerals and Localities

Saturday morning is always dedicated to What’s New in Minerals – it has been at the heart of the Symposium from the early days, and it is an absolute highlight every year. We divide the morning into Parts I and II.

Jeff Scovil has been leading Part I for 25 years (time flies!), and even after Friday night’s fun takes us all well into the night, this talk is packed every year. Of course it is: this is the world’s great and famous mineral photographer showing us fantastic photos of the most remarkable new things he’s shot over the past 12 months. The jaw-dropping specimens and awesome photos mean this part is full of oooohs and aaaahs. Here are a few highlights from Jeff’s Part I this year:

CaliforniaGold

Gold, Colorado Quartz Mine, Mariposa, California – 2.7 cm high
Dave Varabioff specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

Cummengeite

Cummengeite, Curuglu workings, Boleo Mine, Santa Rosalia, Baja California Sur, Mexico – 1.8 cm
Peter McGaw specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

PinkEuclase Euclase, Brumado Mine, Bahia, Brazil – 1.7 cm
Alex Schauss specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

MetaAutunite

Meta-Autunite, Golconda Mine, Governador Valadares, Doce Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 2cm
Marini & Gobin specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

EpidoteBowtie

Epidote, Kharan, Balochistan, Pakistan – 3.2 cm
Ziga Minerals specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

IrelandFluorite
Fluorite, Joe Larkin’s Quarry, Shannapheasteen, Co. Galway, Ireland – 8.5 cm
Dan Weinrich specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

SceptrePetersenMountain

Quartz sceptre, Petersen Mt., Washoe, Nevada – 25.6 cm
Jim and Gail Spann specimen, Jeff Scovil photo

Part II is led by John Betts – he coordinates the program team and assembles all of what’s new into slides. John then presents some of the material, while other team members speak about the contributions they’ve assembled. This year’s team included Jim Nizamoff, Mark Jacobson and me. Part II is great session, bringing together finds and workings from around the world with photographs of localities and specimens. Of course, our goal is to bring new specimens and stories to light!

I won’t go too far into this, as we covered a lot of ground, but here are a few photos to give a little glimpse, and I’ll finish with a particularly interesting story from Mont St. Hilaire.

John covered finds from all over, and he included some rather interesting new finds from Maine:

Slide1

 

Slide2

 

Slide3

The new finds I presented for What’s New have mostly already been posted elsewhere here on my website, including under What’s New Blog and New Specimens.

For example, the beautiful new fluorite specimens from Madagascar:

Fluorite, Mandrosonoro, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron’i Mania, Madagascar

Fluorite, Mandrosonoro, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron’i Mania, Madagascar – 11.0 cm
Mary Holdgraf specimen

On a very different note – a new identification – we had a great contribution from Lázló Horváth (thank you Les!). This story goes back to the 2013 approval of marshalsussmanite as a new species (an intermediate species between serandite and pectolite) and the subsequent 2014 Rocks and Minerals magazine article about it. Les wondered if perhaps some of the serandite specimens from Mont St. Hilaire might in fact be marshalsussmanite. In cooperation with the Canadian Museum of Nature, a survey of various Mont St-Hilaire serandites was commenced using several techniques, and a number were found to be in the marshallsussmanite range. Notably, one of them was from the major 1981 find, often associated with Ernie Schlichter. Single crystal structure analysis confirmed that the 1981 bladed serandite was marshallsussmanite. However, there’s more to the story…

This single crystal structure analysis also confirmed that the mineral named marshalsussmanite is identical to the mineral schizolite, described from Greenland in 1901 and unnecessarily dropped from the valid minerals list in 1955. There was no official discreditation at the time, because this predated the establishment of IMA. Now, owing to the priority of schizolite, marshallsussmanite has been discredited and the mineral is schizolite.

So where does this leave Mont St-Hilaire serandites? Well, there is no simple answer. It seems that so far, the 1981 Ernie Schlicter-find specimens tested are all schizolite. Initially, it had been thought that perhaps the thin, bladed habit might be reliable as a diagnositc indicator, but this has proven to be too simple and unreliable a conclusion. Ongoing study of specimens is being conducted by Tony Steede at the Royal Ontario Museum lab, and he has found crystals in the thin, bladed habit that are in fact serandite. It seems that the only way to know is to have every specimen fully analyzed. Further discussion of the schizolite story and findings are expected in an upcoming article by Peter Tarassoff in Rocks and Minerals magazine, and also in the highly-anticipated upcoming new book on Mont St-Hilaire (more on that below).

This is a confirmed schizolite:

serandite4-UL-0154

Schizolite with analcime and natrolite, Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec – 18 cm
Laval University specimen, Laszlo Horvath photo

Saturday Afternoon

Saturday afternoon, we began with “Mineral Collection Matters”, by William Severance. Bill has shared specimens from his collection with us in the display room at the Symposium each year for as long as I can remember! He gave a great talk about mineral collecting, illustrated with specimens from his collection. One of my favourite aspects of mineral collecting is visiting mineral friends and going through their collection together, hearing the stories behind each piece. Bill’s talk was very much like that, with provenance of the specimens and other background, lots of collecting wisdom gleaned over the years, and some fun stories. I’ll share the one that was my favourite laugh (and I was certainly not alone):

Bill was visiting with highly-accomplished Tucson collector Jim Blees, and they had been spending time going through Jim’s collection. Bill recalled what Jim said (and we can give a small tip of the cap to Apocalypse Now):

“A great mineral specimen always comes up at the worst possible time. The house needs a new roof. Your wife needs a new washing machine. Your daughter needs braces. At that moment, you’re either a collector or you’re not. Sell the house! Sell the wife! Sell the kid! Buy the rock!“

This talk was a treat visually as well, featuring many of Jeff Scovil’s photos featured in Bill’s chapter in the Mineralogical Record Supplement, Mineral Collections of the American Northeast. (Jul/Aug 2016).

Dioptase

Dioptase on calcite, Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia – 2.7 cm
William Severance collection, Jeff Scovil photo.

Azurite

Azurite, Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia – 9.5 cm.
William Severance collection, Jeff Scovil photo.
Ex Sid Peters specimen. Included in Julius Zweibel’s McDole
Trophy exhibit (1977). From Marshall Sussman (2003)

Calcite on Copper

Complex calcite twin over calcite phantom on copper, 6.4 cm, from the Copper Falls mine, Owl Creek fissure, Keweenaw County, Michigan.
William Severance specimen, Jeff Scovil photo.
Ex Clarence Bement collection (1900). Ex I. P. Scalisi collection.
From Stuart Wilensky (1999). Pictured in American Mineral Treasures (2008).

To close out our Saturday afternoon, Les Presmyk took the podium. Les has been a generous contributor in many capacities throughout Mineral World, and we were thrilled to have him back in Rochester. For those of you who might not know (or know of) Les, he has a superb collection of Arizona minerals, and has given presentations on a variety of Arizona mineral subjects. On Saturday he gave a talk he had just finished putting together, “Arizona Sulfates”.

I was intrigued by this talk as a subject matter, because when one thinks of Arizona, one does not usually jump to thinking of sulfates. Turns out there are lots of great sulfate minerals in Arizona! Far more species than only he ones that came to mind for me. Here’s just a glimpse (these are classics…):

Slide01

 

Slide04

 

Slide05

 

Slide13

Spangolite, Czar shaft, Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Warren District, Cochise Co., Arizona

Sunday Morning

Sunday we capped off the 46th RMS with two more excellent talks.

Chris Stefano opened with his talk, “Lucius Lee Hubbard: One of the Copper Country’s Greatest Mineral Collectors”. Hubbard was a true Renaissance man, and he was passionate about minerals. Chris told Hubbard’s story with far more than mineral specimens – he included historic photographs and Hubbard’s original correspondence, working with Hubbard’s descendants. The Hubbard collection ultimately contained many exceptional specimens, including superb Michigan copper country specimens, and it was one of the three private collections that formed the foundation for the collection of the A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum of Michigan Technological University.

Stefano Copper

Copper, Keweenaw Peninsula, 23 cm. Michigan Mineral Alliance specimen (UM 1674).
Christopher Stefano photo.

Stefano Silver

Silver, Cliff Mine, Keweenaw Co., Michigan – 10 cm A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum specimen (LLH 508)
John Jaszczak and Christopher Stefano photo.

And for our grand finale, Les Presmyk presented “Collecting Arizona Minerals: 150 Years of Mining, 100 Years of Statehood, and My 50-Year Journey.” This talk was awesome, featuring historical photos and packed with photos of killer specimens.

Wulfeniteonquartz.RedCloudMine.Scovil2011-04-0081

Wulfenite, Red Cloud Mine, Trigo Mountains, La Paz Co., Arizona – 4.3 cm
Les and Paula Presmyk specimen, Jeff Scovil photo.

New Books!

Just a quick mention of three new books that are coming soon and were talked about a lot at the RMS – they are of particular interest to many of the people who attend RMS (and of course many more throughout Mineral World). I can’t wait for my copies of all three! Links for all of these are in the links section at the end of this blog post.

First, the project from George Robinson, Jeff Chiarenzelli and Michael Bainbridge, Minerals of the Grenville Province: New York, Ontario and Quebec should be out literally any day now (it can be ordered through Schiffer Books and will be on amazon… OR… if you will be at the Bancroft Gemboree this year (August 1-4, 2019), there will be a launch and signing, at the Bainbridge Photography booth (#145), and George Robinson will be there for a signing on Saturday, August 3, from 1:00-4:00 pm).

GrenvilleBook

The new book on Mont St-Hilaire is almost here too! Mont Saint-Hilaire: History, Geology, Mineralogy by Lázló Horváth, Robert A Gault, Elsa Pfenninger-Horváth and Glenn Poirier (ed. R.F. Martin) will be released in September 2019.

MSH COver

And the third is the highly-anticipated book about Bill Pinch and his collection: The Pinch Collection at the Canadiane Museum of Nature, by Michael Bainbridge (eds. Gloria Staebler and Tom Wilson). It will be published in fall 2019 and the link for pre-orders is in the link section below. Bill was very involved with the preparation of this book, and the collection described has been regarded by many as perhaps the finest private collection ever assembled. With photography by Michael Bainbridge, this will be an amazing work.

Displays

Every RMS, we have great displays in the Exhibit Room and this year was no exception. Some are contributed by museums and many are contributed by collectors attending the RMS.

I say that it was no exception, but it _was_ exceptional in one respect. We have now retrofitted all of the RMS display cases with super new LED lighting. Thanks to Brian McGrath for doing all of the hard work on this – they looked awesome! (A side note, if you are interested in lighting for your own display cases, these are from Graham Sutton, with contact information in the links section below).

Here are a few glimpses from among the many great displays.

Terry Huizing assembled a case of beautiful calcite specimens in support of his talk. Some great eye-candy here!

TerryHuizingCase

John Betts’s display, “Recent Additions”, included many sweet specimens.

JohnBettsCase

I could have chosen many for a closeup, but I chose this gorgeous chalcocite:

Chalcocite, Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Connecticut
Chalcocite, Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Connecticut – 5 cm (crystals to 2.6 cm)
From the private collection of Ex. Dr. Hans-Jürgen Wilke (1925-2014) of Eppertshausen, Germany, No. 193

The Mineralogical & Geological Museum at Harvard University brought a display of great calcite specimens:

HarvardCalciteTwins

Scale: specimen on the right approx. 4 cm.

Canadian collector George Thompson brought a case, “Canadian Quartz”, with many distinctive specimens from localities that are less commonly seen:

GeorgeCanadaQuartz

Don Dallaire had many excellent specimens in his case dedicated to the Minerals of New Hampshire – I thought this was truly exceptional quality for cordierite:

CordieriteDallaire

Cordierite, Richmond Soapstone Quarry, Richmond, New Hampshire – approx. 5 cm

Bob Morgan’s case was dedicated to Epitaxy – here’s a great albite on orthoclase specimen:

BobMorganEpitacticFeldspar

Scale: approx. 10 cm tall

Carl Francis brought a case of killer quartz specimens from Switzerland:

CarlFrancisCase

A couple of close-up photographs from Carl’s case – these are wonderful crystals:

CarlFrancisGwindel

Quartz gwindel, Fedenstock, Uri, Switzerland – approx. 9 cm

CarlFrancisLargeQtz

Quartz, Rhone Glacier, Wallis, Switzerland – approx. 25 cm

Fun

As I write every year in my RMS posts, a lot of the best of Rochester occurs beyond the talks – in the halls, over meals, and on the 4th floor (the dealer floor, open when talks are not on). Socializing continues well into the morning hours each night, and includes a few traditions – among others, the not-to-be-missed Saturday night mineral songs with David Joyce. (I assume most have heard Dave’s mineral collecting and mining tunes, but if not, I’m including a link below). Somehow, I had so much fun that I forgot to be taking pictures to include here. Oops.

We have a lot of fun together at Rochester – and if you’ve never been, I hope you’ll come next year and be a part of it with us!

RMS 2020

We have another great lineup of speakers shaping up – the dates are April 23-26, 2020. Our 2020 speakers will include Calvin Anderson, John Betts, David Joyce, Harold Moritz, Tony Potucek, Jeff Scovil and Terry Wallace.

RMS on Facebook

The Rochester Mineralogical Symposium is now on Facebook (here) (thank you Michael Bainbridge!). Our Facebook page is one good way to keep up with us – feel free to visit and give it a Like!

Until Next Year…

The Rochester Symposium is a great event, that has seen many of Mineral World’s most prominent names as contributors. At the same time, the Symposium continues to embrace contributions from all levels in mineral collecting – it simply would not be what it is without everyone who contributes.

Thank you to all of our amazing speakers this year! And thanks to our speakers and photographers for all of your help with photos to share through this report.

Of course, the Symposium could literally not happen without the dedicated efforts of the team who put it together – particularly Carl Miller, our registrar. Carl is The Man. Sarah Hanson does it all to put together the technical session and coordinate the abstracts. Tom White is our technical coordinator, insuring that all the presentations and recordings run without a hitch. Many thanks to all on our committee and those helping in the background year-round, including John Betts, Steve Chamberlain, Dan Imel, Betty Fetter, Carl Francis, Bruce Gaber, Brian McGrath, Bob Morgan, Susan Robinson, and Quintin Wight. Thanks to Paul Dudley for technical and website support. We also have a host of people helping us at the RMS and behind the scenes, including Mike Avery, Michael Bainbridge, John Diaz, Charlene Freundlich, Fred Haynes, Mark Jacobson, Jim Nizamoff, Ed Smith, Laurie Steele Sperber, Dan Sperber, Gloria Staebler, Lee Tutt, and Ken Wolf I sure hope I haven’t missed anyone!

Links and References

If you are seeking links for anything mentioned above, some of these may be of interest:

Our amazing professional mineral photographers (who – of course – take photos of private collection specimens for individual collectors): Jeff Scovil and Michael Bainbridge

David K. Joyce has written – and plays and sings, of course – the soundtrack for so many great times in minerals. The mineral tunes are available on itunes (enter David K Joyce in your itunes search window) or the CD is available from Dave – if you’d like to hear them, here is the page where you can listen.

If you are interested in display lights for your collection, Graham Sutton’s company, It’s West Display & Lighting, has great lighting solutions. We love the new RMS display case lighting.

Valium Online is the best benzo for long term, chronic anxiety and panic disorder. However, the hardest thing is if you ever have to stop it without switching to another benzo. The 2 side effects I had were the occasional headache associated with tiredness. ativanshop.com has the longest half life of any benzo and that is arguably why it is the hardest to stop after long term use. Be careful.

Here are links to the books:

Minerals of the Grenville Province (Click here) Or, as mentioned above, come to the Bancroft Gemboree and visit Michael Bainbridge. [NB as of the time of publishing this post, the only actively-shipping listing is the direct link through the publisher]

Mont Saint-Hilaire (Click here) [NB at the time of publishing this post, SP 14, Mont Saint Hilaire, was not yet listed at this page, but the book launches in September and it will be at this link!]

The Pinch Collection at the Canadian Museum of Nature (Click here)

When they are online, the 46th RMS Program Notes will be posted online here.

 

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 05.19.2016 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

I’ve posted excellent new Kazakhstan dioptase specimens in the Dioptase Update – May 2016 (click here). These beautiful specimens were mined in 2015, and acquired from the team currently conducting specimen mining at Altyn Tyube soon afterward.

Dioptase was first described from Altyn Tyube, the type locality for dioptase, in the nineteenth century. Altyn Tyube is a remarkable deposit in the Steppes, far from everywhere. It was first worked for copper thousands of years B.C., and it is interesting to note that there are very few copper minerals at the locality – dioptase with occasional minor malachite and cuprite.

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 7.7 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan
Field of view 3.0 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

 Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan
Field of view 4.0 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 7.4 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 7.1 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan
Field of view 2.5 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube Deposit, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 4.5 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 06.12.2015 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

I’ve added a new Namibia Update (click here) with selected excellent specimens from the Tsumeb Mine and also from the Kaokoveld Plateau in Namibia.

 Cerussite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaCerussite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 4.4 cm

Cerussite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaCerussite and Goethite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 4.9 cm

Cerussite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaCerussite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 5.2 cm

Copper, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaCopper, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – crystal group 1.5 cm

Malachite pseudomorph after azurite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaMalachite pseudomorph after azurite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 5.8 cm

Malachite pseudomorph after azurite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia Malachite pseudomorph after azurite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 7.2 cm

Smithsonite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaSmithsonite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 5.7 cm

Tennantite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, NamibiaTennantite, Tsumeb Mine, Otjikoto Region, Namibia – 5.2 cm

Dioptase, Okandawasi Pit, Kaokoveld Plateau, Kunene Region, NamibiaDioptase, Okandawasi Pit, Kaokoveld Plateau, Kunene Region, Namibia – crystal 1.4 cm

Dioptase, Okandawasi Pit, Kaokoveld Plateau, Kunene Region, NamibiaDioptase, Okandawasi Pit, Kaokoveld Plateau, Kunene Region, Namibia – field of view 2.4 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 03.12.2015 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

The beautiful dioptase specimens in this Dioptase Update (click here) were found recently – I acquired them from the team currently conducting specimen mining at Altyn Tyube, in the Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan.

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazahstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 5.9 cm

Dioptase was first described from Altyn Tyube, the type locality for dioptase, in the nineteenth century. Altyn Tyube is a remarkable deposit in the Steppes, far from everywhere. It was first worked for copper thousands of years B.C., and it is interesting to note that there are very few copper minerals at the locality – dioptase with occasional minor malachite and cuprite.

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazahstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – field of view approx 4.7  cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 5.8 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

 Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 4.1 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 5.5 cm

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan

Dioptase, Altyn-Tyube, Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 3.7 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 07.10.2014 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

Beautiful new dioptase specimens from Mindouli, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) – these were mined very recently and arrived in Europe a few days before Sainte-Marie. Sharp, lustrous and of course, wonderful green, these dioptase specimens are now posted under Dioptase – July 2014 Update.

You have to be a glutton for photographic punishment to shoot any dioptase, let alone many of them (it is so hard to capture the colour and intensity) but hopefully the photos in this update do these fine specimens reasonable justice.

100462(2)

Dioptase on Plancheite, Mindouli, Pool Department, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) – full specimen 5.3 cm

100461(3)

Dioptase, Mindouli, Pool Department, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) – 5.6 cm

100463(4)

Dioptase, Mindouli, Pool Department, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) – crystal 1.3 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 07.02.2014 | Filed under: Latest, Mineral Shows | Comments (0)

 

Nestled in the Val d’Argent, in Alsace, France, the town of Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines hosts one of the world’s largest minerals shows, with character and class unto itself.

SM1Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines

Alsace is dotted with picturesque villages…

SM2

Rodern

vineyards…

SM11

The vineyards near Saint-Hippolyte

… and forests, hills and castles.

SM4

Château du Haut Koenigsbourg

The towns are small and picturesque, with distinctive architecture.

SM6

Roses on a home in Saint-Hippolyte

SM5

Quiet afternoon in Saint-Hippolyte

SM3

First morning sunlight in Saint-Hippolyte

The Sainte Marie show itself is centred on the old theatre in the centre of town, with a small group of dealers hosted inside, and many more outside, based in white tents, lining tent “streets” in the mineral dealing area. (There are also other large buildings full of dealers).

SM7

Theatre, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines

SM8

Exhibits inside the theatre

SM9

A glimpse of some of the tents on one of many “streets” of dealers

Of course, with so many dealers and others in mineral world all coming together in one place like this, one hopes that there will be interesting minerals to see, and Sainte Marie 2014 did not disappoint. If you have time for a glimpse into a small number of highlights, here are a few.

For a couple of years now, we have been seeing the pale blue barites from the Sidi Lahcen Mine, Nador, Nador Province, Morocco. These are delicate and can be outright spectacular, but alas many are quite badly damaged and lots do not have good colour. A small number with the better colour have survived the mining/collecting, prep work, shipping and travel – and these are wonderful specimens.

SM12

Barite, Sidi Lahcen Mine, Nador, Nador Province, Morocco – 7.7 cm

SM13

Barite, Sidi Lahcen Mine, Nador, Nador Province, Morocco – 5.8 cm

Some super new dioptase specimens have been collected very recently at Mindouli, Mindouli District, Pool Department, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville).  As always, it remains very hard to obtain specimens from this area, as it lies at the heart of the border area between DRC and Brazzaville, and conflict continues. However, these have been brought out and are beautiful.

100464(2)

Dioptase with Plancheite, Mindouli, Mindouli District, Pool Department, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) – crystal 1.2 cm

100462(1)

Dioptase with Plancheite, Mindouli, Mindouli District, Pool Department, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) – 5.3 cm

Another new African find is quite intriguing. The now well-known Bendougou vicinity in the Kayes Region of Mali has been producing fine specimens of green prehnite balls and epidote for many years. A new locality among the many within the district  – Diamonkara – recently produced super specimens of yellow stilbite. One dealer was adamant that these are stellerite, and then suggested that some are stellerite and some are stilbite, but the consensus assumption by many of us (granted, from observation alone) is that they are in all likelihood all stilbite. They are primarily “balls” and “wheels” of crystals, up to about 6 cm, some of which are associated with epidote and even prehnite. Unfortunately a few that could otherwise have been nice were terribly damaged, but the fine specimens are really sweet! I obtained the fine ones I could find available.

SM17

Stilbite, Diamonkara, Bendougou, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.7 cm

SM16

Stilbite with Epidote, Diamonkara, Bendougou, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.5 cm

Finally, I would feel strange coming back from Ste Marie without anything fun from France… and I managed to find a small group of interesting pieces, including bournonite from Les Malines District, Saint-Laurent-le-Minier, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, and some very cool hematite specimens from Le Haïcot, Brézouard Massif, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France.

SM14

Bournonite, Les Malines District, Saint-Laurent-le-Minier, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France – 7.0 cm

SM15

Hematite,  Le Haïcot, Brézouard Massif, Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France – 5.0 cm

As with other top-level large international mineral shows, the Sainte Marie show included educational presentations and a display area. The theme of the display area was copper minerals and it included many jaw-dropping specimens from France and all over the world, assembled from the collections of museums and private collectors. I feel that photographing these through glass with inappropriate photo lighting would be tantamount to insulting these gorgeous specimens (and the collections in which they are housed). I mean it’s hard enough taking good accurate photos of azurite and dioptase as it is (!). Suffice it to say, I sure returned to this area more than once. (Did I kneel down in front of any cases?  Well I guess you may never know…) Beautifully done!

Minerals from the show will be available on the website in updates coming over the next few weeks.

Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines 2014 was a great show – a sincere thank you to the organizers and display contributors. If you have not yet been, it is a show like no other. À la prochaine!

SM10

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 03.13.2014 | Filed under: Latest, Mineral Shows | Comments (0)

Cactus

Urban Field Collecting

Each year when “Tucson” nears, I’m like a kid who can’t wait to race downstairs on Christmas morning. Just the chance to experience the sprawling mineral shows all over the city (known collectively in Mineral World simply as “Tucson”)… there is so much to see and we all come away with different impressions.

This is just a brief blog post about a few favourite finds from Tucson 2014 that you might find interesting. I’m also including a few words below about Bisbee and the great little museum there, but not before Tucson (!).

I have been travelling to Tucson with my collecting partner David Joyce every year for a long time now. Finding what we’re after can be tough! We embark on excursions involving long trekking, backpacks, headlamps, loupes… sledge hammers and drills… Ok, ok, no sledges and drills. But it’s still urban field collecting. We work through a lot of rock in hopes of finding something great – and eventually we do.

The Music

Before I get to mineral specimens, I’ll start with something that was entirely new to Mineral World. Dave premiered his new CD – Nuggets and High Grade: The Mining and Mineral Collecting Songs of David K. Joyce. So, it was no ordinary Tucson. The guitar, the fans, the autographs, the crowd control barriers, the police escorts… (or something like that, anyway…)

Dave played small gigs around Tucson, including a great evening of Krupnik and Kielbasa hosted of course by Spirifer Minerals, and wine and cheese hosted by Dave Bunk Minerals up at the Westward Look show.

Music

The songs and instrumentals were played around the show, including at the Main Show – and they could be heard on sound systems coming from dealers’ rooms as you walked by. Light-hearted with good laughs, these are songs for mineral collectors. (If you haven’t heard Damn The Glaciers or The Mineral Dealer, you haven’t lived.) I feel safe predicting that many of these songs will be played live during the Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, if you’d like to sing along in person. In the meantime, they are available on CD and downloadable from iTunes. If you have not yet heard these tunes, check them out here.

The Minerals

Moving on from the Rock Star to the rocks themselves… here are a few of the mineral finds I thought were special. (Some are new, and some are minerals that have debuted before now, where the prices, quality, or quantity have really improved.) Specimens from all of these finds will be available on our website in the coming weeks.

China remains at the forefront for new and interesting mineral specimens.

There are amazing new calcite specimens from Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China (specifics on locality were not freely forthcoming as yet – if you know more I’d love to hear from you (email or here). These are comprised of first generation scalenohedral crystals capped by second generation flattened calcite crystals, giving wonderful aesthetic form, including even an almost mushroom-like appearance. Unfortunately most that I saw from this find were damaged, but I managed to find a few that were in super shape. These are very cool specimens!

Calcite, China

Calcite, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China – 4.1 cm

Another interesting new one was a find of beautifully twinned cerussite at the famous Daoping Mine, Gongcheng Co., Guilin Prefecture, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, which is most famous for pyromorphite. Although nice specimens of blocky yellow cerussite crystals were found a few years ago at the locality, these ones are distinctly different – they are flattened, twinned and nicely coloured. I only acquired one (photographed below), because for the most part prices were high for what they are, and I saw only a very few that were high enough quality. Nonetheless there may be a few others around so keep your eyes open for them. I only saw them with the one dealer in Tucson – who knows if there could be more?

ChinaCeruss

Cerussite from the Daoping Mine, Gongcheng Co., Guilin Prefecture, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China – 3.1 cm

The latest specimens of chalcopyrite on siderite from Kaiwu, Hezhang County, Ghizou Province, China, are higher quality than most that have been coming out in the past, with sharp chalcopyrites and a new twist on a couple, which include tennantite (confirmed by post-Tucson analysis). When these were first coming out, so many were badly damaged, and even so, they were incredibly expensive.

Chalco

Chalcopyrite and Siderite from Kaiwu, Hezhang County, Ghizou Province, China – 9.6 cm

The Huangguang mines in Inner Mongolia have continued to produce some wonderful mineral specimens. Many prices asked are still beyond the reach of mere mortals… but with some serious searching, fine specimens of several minerals were obtainable, including sharp ilvaites, some lollingites (most are still pricey) and others. What a great contemporary mineral producing region!

Inner Mongolia

Jewel-like Fluorite among dark-tipped sceptered Quartz, Huangguang Mines, Inner Mongolia, China – 5.3 cm

Moving on to the other world famous deposit with some strikingly similar mineralogy to the Huangguang Mines, some fine specimens continue to come from Dalnegorsk, Russia. In particular, there were some nice fluorite crystals. There were also really neat quartz crystals with overgrowths of beta quartz, and also a few tabular-style pyrrhotites.

DalFluoriteFluorite, Dalnegorsk, Russia – 5 cm

Coming further west, the famed type locality for dioptase at Altyn-Tyube in the Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan is producing some beautiful specimens and operations continue, with hopes of more in the future. A couple of gorgeous ones are here.

100231(1)

New Dioptase from Altyn-Tyube in the Kirghiz Steppes, Karagandy Province, Kazakhstan – 12 cm

A truly new find was the pocket of wonderful black tourmalines found at Tsitondroina, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar – they are magnesiofoitite. The crystallography on these is pretty amazing. I acquired the best of them and they will be posted on the site soon.

Madagascar

Magnesiofoitite Tourmaline from Tsitondroina, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar – 6.5 cm

And the last one for now – some really great datolite crystals have recently been found at Charcas, Mun de Charcas, San Luis Potosí, Mexico. The datolite crystals can reach several centimetres across and range from pale green to pale blue. Some of the datolite crystals show a preferential crystallization habit, with highlighted white faces representing certain crystal forms. A number of the datolite specimens are accompanied by sulfide mineralization – primarily pyrite and chalcopyrite, crystals of which even occur fully included within datolite crystals.

DatoliteDatolite from Charcas, Mun de Charcas, San Luis Potosí, Mexico – 7 cm

 

Where Minerals Go to Die

Just as an aside, have you ever wondered where minerals go to die? During real field collecting, the answer is usually the mine dumps. But what happens in the context of urban field collecting?

There are places in Tucson where mineral specimens are thrown on top of each other, piled, crunched, maybe bathed in oil, bleached under the intense Arizona sun…

hwyshow1

Imagine a fine mineral specimen surviving this mayhem (not sure why we need the pretext of boxes here)

Urban Field Collecting Can Wipe a Guy Out

davsnzHard-working mineral dealer David K. Joyce, “power-napping” in the middle of the courtyard at the height of the busy Tucson City Centre Inn Suites Hotel Show.

(Dave likes to call it “power-napping.” Possibly because it sounds more productive than “snoozing on the grass.”)

World Famous Bisbee

Although I could look at minerals all day every day an never tire of it, there’s something attractive to a change of pace and scenery, so we headed to Bisbee. The trip to Bisbee leads through Tombstone, famous in its own right as one of the roughest towns of the American Old West, best known for the gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Many of the lives of the early inhabitants of Tombstone ended prematurely.

boothillCemetery at Boot Hill, Tombstone

(Interesting about the name “Boot Hill”: This name was commonly given to cemeteries in the American Old West and was derived from the notion that this was where the gunfighters – the people who died with their boots on – were buried. The Cemetery at Boot Hill, Tombstone was not limited to gunfighters.)

If you’ve never done the day-trip from Tucson to Bisbee, it’s worth it.

Headframe

Headframe at Bisbee

Of course Bisbee is best known among mineral collectors for its historic copper mines, which are among the United States’ most prolific mineral specimen localities (325 different minerals have been found at Bisbee). The old mining operations feature prominently on the modern landscape of the Bisbee area.

Bismine2

The Sacramento Pit and Lavender Pit are the large (inactive) open pit mines at Bisbee

Bisbee itself is a neat town with lots of older buildings, artists’ studios and shops. But (as you might guess) the highlight of the visit for me was the Bisbee Mining and Historical Museum. This little museum is so well done! A member of the Smithsonian Institution’s Affiliation Program, the displays were designed with the Smithsonian’s assistance. They are fascinating, informative and easy to walk through for however long (or not) you might want to stay. The museum is housed in the building that was once the corporate headquarters of the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company (eventually purchased by Phelps Dodge Corporation, which was subsequently acquired by Freeport McMoRan Copper and Gold Inc.) – it is a beautifully preserved building and a National Registered Landmark.

bismus6

The upper floor of the museum’s displays includes underground mine scenes and some mineral specimens from various collections:

Bismus1

Gibbsite stalactite with Malachite and Azurite on Goethite from the Copper Queen Mine – approx. 15 cm
(James Douglas Collection, Smithsonian Institution Collection)

Bismus3

Calcite on Malachite from the Copper Queen Mine – approx. 12 cm
(James Douglas Collection, Smithsonian Institution Collection)

Bismus7

Malachite pseudomorph after Azurite from the Holbrook Mine – approx. 15 cm
(M.J. Cunningham Collection, Bank of America)

I used to be on it for 18 years. The https://klonopinshop.com side effects are that it makes me sleepy.

Bismus4

Gorgeous Cuprite from the Czar Mine – approx. 10 cm – largest crystal perhaps 1.2 cm
(M.J. Cunningham Collection, Bank of America)

I stumbled out of the museum, as those unforgettable red cubes were making my head swim! Nice way to end the day in Bisbee.

Back in Tucson, it was time to wrap and pack specimens for shipment! We had a few last fine meals with mineral and mining friends before saying goodbye and heading back to the Great White North.

sunset2