Archives

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 02.23.2018 | Filed under: Latest, Mineral Shows | Comments (0)

 

It’s hard to believe that another Tucson has come and gone already. In the middle of a cold Bancroft winter, Tucson’s wonderful warm sunshine was sure welcome.

Santa Rita Foothills, Arizona Santa Rita Foothills, southeast of Tucson

I was very fortunate to be able to experience Tucson’s natural surroundings this year. I stayed with my good friend and collecting partner David Joyce (David K. Joyce Minerals), with Carol Teal and their dog Riley at their new place in the beautiful Santa Rita Foothills, southeast of the city.

DaveRiley2

 Dave and Riley on their sitting rock

In the foothills

Photo of me taken by Don Doell – Santa Rita Foothills, with Tucson in the distance

The Sonora Desert is a remarkable place in the world. In places, and at many times of year, it appears harsh and unforgiving. As to flora and fauna, the Sonora Desert gives the superficial impression that it is inhabited only by the hardiest very few species.

Saguaro SceneSaguaro Cacti

Immerse yourself in it a little, and the truth reveals itself – the variety of plants and animals is amazing (600 plant species and 200 animal species).  As with everything in life, the more quiet observation you do, the more you see. The foothills and desert areas around Tucson are full of life.

Deer 1

Deer paying a visit to Dave and Carol’s place

Cactus flower

Cactus bloom

Saguaro armSaguaro arm

On one of our mornings in the desert, the moon put on a show of its own.

Mesquite EclipseUnder the mesquite trees with the lunar eclipse before dawn, Santa Rita Foothills

The Minerals

OK OK. I know, we all really want to read about minerals. Of course, what Tucson means is the fun of midwinter urban field collecting, and there were lots of great specimens this year.

Some beautiful and interesting specimens have continued to come from Pakistan and Afghanistan. From Pakistan, the recent brucite specimens are super – some of the finest brucite I’ve ever seen. The Killah Saifullah brucite were first noted to me by John White after he saw a couple in Munich, 2016, and since then, the quality of the finest has greatly increased over those early days. It seems that most of these are occurring in very tight seams, or with a fragmented or brecciated matrix, and so most have contacts and grey spots around them. The colour of most of them is a cream-to-very-pale-yellow, but the best have a bright yellow hue. Many are very finely crystallized, but on some, like these ones, one can easily see many crystal faces. These Pakistan brucites are amazing for the mineral.

I’ve done my best to colour-balance them accurately (daylight, shade). I always do that anyway, of course, but some mineral specimens are susceptible to really skewing away from daylight appearance when photographed.

Brucite, Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan
Brucite, Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan – 6.1 cm

Brucite, Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan

Brucite, Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan – 7.2 cm

Brucite, Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, PakistanBrucite, Killa Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan – 3.2 cm

From Afghanistan, a small number of excellent specimens have continued to come from some of the best-known occurrences, and I just want to highlight one in particular. From Sar-e Sang, Dudley Blauwet has recently brought out a couple of particularly excellent diopside specimens, and I am including one here. Given that diopside is not an uncommon mineral, it’s surprising that great matrix specimens are so hard to find. This one is striking.

102113(1)(8.0)
Diopside, Ladujar Medam, Sar-e Sang River, Kokcha Valley, Badakhshan, Afghanistan – 8 cm

Moving on to South America, there have been a couple of particularly interesting new finds. In Potosí, Bolivia, there has been a discovery of very pretty amethyst crystals. There isn’t more specific information about the locality at this time – I’m told that this is because it is in an unnamed area of Potosi, not near to any named settlement or geographic feature. The specimens were discovered by farmers, at the edge of a field area, bordering hills. These have somewhat similar habit and appearance to some of the amethyst crystals from Peidra Parada (Las Vigas), Mexico. They are sharp, with top lustre and excellent transparency. Some are doubly-terminated, and some show a great reverse-sceptre habit. These are really sweet – I only found them available from one person, and I acquired the nicest for the website.

Quartz, var. amethyst, Potosi, BoliviaQuartz, var. amethyst, Potosí, Bolivia – 5.3 cm

Quartz, var. amethyst, Potosí, Bolivia

Quartz, var. amethyst (reverse sceptre), Potosí, Bolivia
Field of view 1.5 cm

Quartz, var. amethyst, Potosí, Bolivia

Quartz, var. amethyst, Potosí, Bolivia
Field of view 2.5 cm

In Peru, there has been a new discovery of clinozoizite. I understand that the workings from which these were produced are only operational on a sporadic basis. The specific zone from which these specimens were recovered is apparently now done, and they have encountered a bit of epidote as the work has advanced. Excellent display specimens of clinozoisite are generally uncommon – one thinks of the famous finds at Alchuri in the Shigar Valley in Pakistan, and few other localities come to mind. These clinozoisite specimens are all clustered groups of crystals. I have seen no single isolated crystals. The crystals themselves are very sharp and well-defined, lustrous, with some twinned and some not.

Clinozoisite, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Canete, Canete Province, Lima Dept., Peru

Clinozoisite, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Cañete,
Cañete Province, Lima Dept., Peru – 4.3 cm

Clinozoisite, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Canete, Canete Province, Lima Dept., Peru Clinozoisite, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Cañete, Cañete Province, Lima Dept., Peru

Clinozoisite twin, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Cañete,
Cañete Province, Lima Dept., Peru – 3.5 cm

Clinozoisite, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Canete, Canete Province, Lima Dept., Peru Clinozoisite, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Cañete, Cañete Province, Lima Dept., Peru

Clinozoisite twin, Cerro San Cristobal, San Vincente de Cañete,
Cañete Province, Lima Dept., Peru – 8.6 cm

I want to highlight one other great find that is relatively recent – the spectacular iron-cross twins of pyrite from Gachalá, Cundinamarca, Colombia, discovered about a year ago (I believe the ones available in Tucson were from the original find, as opposed to new production). The term “iron-cross twin” refers to twinned pentagonal dodecahedra, the edges of which cross at right angles. Well-defined iron-cross pyrite twins have always been uncommon and sought-after. Most are small, and often incomplete. These are quite large for iron-cross twins – they are pretty spectacular. One note about these: they have been mislabeled as goethite or limonite after pyrite. They are not pseudomorphs. In fact, they are pyrite, with a very thin surface layer of goethite.

Pyrite Iron Cross Twin, Gachalá, Cundinamarca, Colombia

Pyrite Iron-Cross Twin, Gachalá, Cundinamarca, Colombia – 5.0 cm

Over to Africa, some great specimens. In Tanzania, the Merelani occurrences continue to produce very fine specimens of a number of minerals, while a few specimens from finds in recent years have surfaced as well.

Merelani Diopside

 Diopside with graphite, Merelani Hills, Lelatima Mountains, Manyara, Tanzania – 3.7 cm

MerelaniPrehnitePrehnite, Merelani Hills, Lelatima Mountains, Manyara, Tanzania – 5.3 cm

From the finds in 2012-13, I managed to acquire a world-class alabandite crystal.

Alabandite, Merelani Hills, Lelatima Mountains, Manyara, Tanzania

Alabandite, Merelani Hills, Lelatima Mountains, Manyara, Tanzania – 6.8 cm

From Malawi, there have been more first class specimens available from the the occurrences at Mt. Malosa and Mulanje, including arfvedsonite, eudidymite and zircon.

Zircon, Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi Zircon, Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi – crystal 3.2 cm

Over the years, the very well-known almandine occurrence at Vrondolo, Madagascar, has produced some unusually fine crystals. This occurrence is a fair distance up a small mountain – it takes hours to reach it on foot. Most often, the crystals from here are slightly to heavily chipped when extracted, because they are found frozen in solid rock. However, I found a small recent group of specimens including crystals that grew into open spaces, as well as other crystals extracted in super condition. These are really nice garnets!

Almandine, Vorondolo, Antananarivo, Madagascar

 Almandine, Vorondolo, Antananarivo, Madagascar – 4.5 cm

Last from Africa, Morocco continues to produce excellent specimens of many minerals – the golden age of Moroccan minerals continues. Because these finds have been known generally or written up by others, I won’t dwell too much on them in this report – there will be many fine Moroccan specimens coming on the website over the next few months. However, I want to highlight some Imilchil material that I think is noteworthy. For some time, we have seen small dark garnet crystals from Imilchil. Some of these crystals have been found to be the titanium-rich garnet group member, schorlomite, while I’m told most analyzed specimens are actually titanium-rich andradite, not enough titanium to be schorlomite. A new find at Anemzi (the same Imilchil-area locality that produces the fine green fluorapatite crystals, and has produced nice magnetites) has produced some of the nicest of these dark andradite crystals I have seen from Imilchil. At their finest, the crystals are sharp with beautiful morphology, and a good number of the specimens are comprised of a stack of these crystals. Some specimens have small, sharp, octahedral magnetite crystals in association – they are sparse, but a neat pairing. Independent from the andradites, Anemzi has produced some sharp magnetites lately as well, making for very nice specimens.

Andradite, Anemzi, Imilchil, Er Rachidia, Morocco

Andradite, Anemzi, Imilchil, Er Rachidia, Morocco – 7 cm

Andradite, Anemzi, Imilchil, Er Rachidia, Morocco

Andradite, Anemzi, Imilchil, Er Rachidia, Morocco – 3.5 cm

Magnetite, Anemzi, Imilchil, Er Rachidia, Morocco

Magnetite, Anemzi, Imilchil, Er Rachidia, Morocco – 4.4 cm

My final mineral entry is from China. I feel that the find of fluorite from Fujian deserves a mention, even though China has produced so much fluorite over the years. These new ones are the fluorites that have been dubbed “tanzanite fluorite” by several dealers. These have been available since early 2017, and they were not widespread this year at Tucson. The ones available were quite expensive. This locality has produced a range of fluorite – the most tanzanite blue-purple is from the one 2017 find, while other blues and purple hues have been recovered as well. I’ve been told there is “no more” – of course!!! – and we’ve all heard that so many times before, so skepticism is certainly warranted! I personally will believe it when I see it. However, I didn’t see as much as I expected and hoped, so we’ll see. Moreover, most of the specimens I did see were significantly contacted and/or damaged. I believe this is not only reflecting the way they were collected (perhaps in some cases with less care than we’d like), but also due to the nature of the occurrence. Many of these seem to have formed in very tight and narrow spaces, and would have been exceptionally difficult to extract without any contacting issues. I think the overall story of this locality will be clearer over time. Given that there are several colour hues and crystal habits from this locality, so it seems likely there was more than one pocket. These are beautiful fluorite specimens!

Fluorite, Xiayang, Yonchun Co., Fujian, China

 Fluorite, Xiayang, Yongchun Co., Fujian, China – 5.3 cm

Fluorite, Xiayang, Yonchun Co., Fujian, China

Fluorite, Xiayang, Yongchun Co., Fujian, China – 3.4 cm

Fluorite, Xiayang, Yonchun Co., Fujian, China

Fluorite, Xiayang, Yongchun Co., Fujian, China – 5.2 cm

A Remarkable Emerald

My friend John White came upon a remarkable emerald specimen from Pakistan and I want to share a photo. I’ve never seen anything like it, and much more important, John (you likely know, the former curator of the Smithsonian Institution’s mineral collection) has never seen anything like it! It is available.

Beryl var. Emerald - Pakistan 28-1-25

 

 Beryl, var. emerald, Guijar Kalay Valley, Swat District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
The larger crystal is 3.5 cm tall.

Friends

Tucson 2018 was a great time, with lots of great friends and the beauty of the Sonora Desert. Thank you all!

3 shadows

Evening shadows  (I believe the order is Don Doell, me, John Betts)

Mineral Song Campfire

Mineral songs around the campfire, led by Dave (of course!)
From left: Malcolm Southwood, John Veevaert, John Betts, Don Doell, David Joyce and Angela Southwood

Thank you again Carol, Dave and Riley, for a wonderful time!

Carol Dave Riley

Until next year, so long, Tucson…

Palo Verde Sunset

Home! And… Rudy!

As great as it was, it’s wonderful to be home. The warm sun of the Tucson desert having recharged me, I’m happy to be back out in the winter woods.

Snowy Road, Bancroft, OntarioOur snowy woods, near Bancroft, Ontario

SnowWoods 2

Sunny winter morning, Bancroft, Ontario

And as many of you know, this means I’m back to once again sharing fun with young Rudy, our Labrador Retriever puppy.

Rudy McDougallDad, can I join you on the couch?

Rudy McDougall

First shipping run to Bancroft.
Dad, I’ll drive.

In only a couple of months he has transformed from tiny puppy to young dog. He’s gleeful about pretty much everything.

Rudy McDougallSnow? Love it!

Rudy is of course new to all this mineral business. Our founding Labrador Retriever, Emery, supervised all operations – he was the Chairman of the Afternoon Snooze Committee and comprised our IT Department, although he slept through most of our business operations. It will be a while until Rudy is ready to step into Emery’s higher roles, but he is a great little supervisor. For now, he is happy to be a particularly active part of all packing, shipping and particularly unpacking operations. He has delighted in founding our Playful Mayhem Department.

Rudy McDougall

What do you mean, my office chair is for “sleeping” while you work?

With lots of Tucson minerals to come, Rudy and I will do our best to get them online over the next few weeks!

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 01.05.2018 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

I’ve posted some excellent new specimens from the Conselheiro Pena area in this Brazil Update (click here) – a small number of spessartines from the famous 2003 pocket at the Navegadora Mine, and some fine crystals of wodginite from the recent find at the Itatiaia Mine.

Spessartine

These spessartines are from the famous March 2003 pocket at the Navegadora Mine, regarded as the finest garnet pocket found in Brazil. The Navegadora Mine exploits a pegmatite and produces feldspar for commercial purposes – It is not mined for specimens, and this pocket was unique. In an article in Rocks and Minerals (“Spessartine from the Navegadora Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil” Vol. 84, Jan-Feb 2009) author John White discusses how these spessrtines formed. While etching was involved, the specific mechanism that resulted in the final forms of these etched crystals remains a mystery.

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 4.5 cm

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Close-up of the above specimen, field of view cm

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 4.8 cm

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 3.5 cm

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 3.5 cm

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 3.5 cm

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Spessartine, Navegadora Mine, Penha do Norte, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 2.6 cm

Wodginite

Wodginite is not a common mineral, and it is quite difficult to acquire good crystals. These ones are from a 2017 find that produced a relatively small number of specimens. Their idetification has been confirmed at the University of Arizona, and, along with subsequent EDS work, it has been established that of the various members of the wodginite group, they are wodginite.

When initially found, they were sold within Brazil with incorrect locality information. This is often done to protect an original source soon after a find, although it’s not clear whether that was the reason in this case. In any event, they are confirmed to be from the Itatiaia Mine, and the original attibution of early specimens to “Linopolis District, Divino das Laranjeiras” should be corrected.

 

 

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 3.5 cm

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Termination of the same crystal in the photo above
Approx 3 cm as shown

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 3.3 cm

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 3.4 cm

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Wodginite, Itatiaia Mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil – 1.6 cm wide

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 08.23.2017 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

I’ve posted fun new specimens in this Mali Update (click here). This update features particularly good clinochlore crystals, and also specimens of prehnite, grossular and andradite specimens, with some distinctive finds and a couple of unusual Mali localities.

Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.9 cm

Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 2.3 cm crystal

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.5 cm

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.4 cm

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.6 cm

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – crystal 0.9 cm

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Clinochlore, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 2.8 cm

Diabe Sira, Arrondissement Diako, Kayes Region, Mali

Grossular, Diabe Sira, Arrondissement Diako, Kayes Region, Mali – 9.1 cm

Andradite Garnet, Bendougou, Arrondissement Diako, Kayes Region, Mali

Andradite, Bendougou, Arrondissement Diako, Kayes Region, Mali – 4.0 cm

Andradite Garnet, Bendougou, Arrondissement Diako, Kayes Region, Mali

Andradite, Bendougou, Arrondissement Diako, Kayes Region, Mali – 4.7 cm

Epidote, Prehnite, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Epidote, Prehnite, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 2.9 cm

Prehnite, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Prehnite with pargasite inclusions, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé,
Kayes Region, Mali – 5.3 cm

Prehnite,  Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Prehnite, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 6.4 cm

Prehnite,  Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Prehnite, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 5.7 cm

Prehnite,  Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Prehnite, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 5.4 cm

Grossular Garnet, Sibinndi, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali

Grossular, Sibinndi, Arrondissement Diako, Cercle de Bafoulabé, Kayes Region, Mali – 3.0 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 10.06.2016 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

 

I’ve posted a small number of great new specimens in this new Afghanistan Update (click here).  This update includes brilliant lustrous andradite crystals from the Spin Ghar range, and red zircon from the Dara-i-Pech District.

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – 3.7 cm

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – 3.3 cm

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – 4.5 cm

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet,  Diopside and Epidote, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range,
Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – field of view 4.0 cm

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet and Epidote with Clinochlore, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range,
Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – field of view 2.5 cm

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – 5.5 cm

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan

Andradite Garnet, Marki Khel, Spin Ghar Range, Khogyani District, Nangharhar, Afghanistan – 6.0 cm

Zircon, Dara-i-Pech District, Konar Province, Afghanistan

Zircon, Dara-i-Pech District, Konar Province, Afghanistan – 3.7 cm

Posted by: Raymond McDougall on 11.06.2014 | Filed under: Latest, Recent Mineral Updates | Comments (0)

This Pakistan-Afghanistan Update (click here) features a small number of excellent specimens, from tourmalines and a gorgeous cabinet specimen of spessartine garnet, to some much more unusual specimens, including scapolite and pseudomorphs from Sar-e-Sang.

Spessartine Garnet Crystals

Spessartine Garnet, Albite, Apaligun, Braldu Valley, Baltistan, N.A., Pakistan – 10.2 cm

Elbaite Tourmaline Crystals

Elbaite Tourmaline, Albite, Stak Nala, Gilgit-Skardu Road, Northern Areas, Pakistan – 4.1 cm

Schorl Tourmaline Crystal, Laila Peak, Pakistan

Schorl Tourmaline, Laila Peak, Haramosh Range, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan – 2.9 cm